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Title: The Anopheles culicifacies and An subpictus species complexes in Sri Lanka and their implications for malaria control in the country
Authors: Surendran, S.N.
Ramasamy, R.
Keywords: Anopheles culicifacies;Anopheles subptctus;DNA probes;Malaria;Sibling species;Species complex;Vector;Srilanka
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: The Japanese Society of Tropical Medicine
Abstract: Anopheles culicifacies, the major vector of malaria in Srilanka, and An.subpictus, a secondary vectory, exist as species complexes in the country. Among the globally reported five sibling species(A-E) of the An.culicifacies complex, only species B and E have been detected in Srilanka. However, all four sibling species (A-D) of the An. subpictus complex present globally are found in Srilanka. This article reviews the data on the characteristics of the sibling species of these two main malaria vedtors in Srilanka and methods for differentiating them, and highlights the importance of understanding the bio-ecological variations among the sibling species in order to develop an effective vector control program in the country. It is proposed that An.culcifacies species E may have evolved from species B in Srilanka and then spread to South India. The development of DNA probes suitable for differentiating the sibling species of An.culicifacies and An.subpictus in field studies is identified as a particular priority for future work.
Appears in Collections:Zoology

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